Engage local communities to protect marine life: Study

jatin
By jatin June 26, 2019 15:31

A new study by Wildlife Conservation Society-India has emphasised the need for awareness campaigns, the involvement of local stakeholders in decision-making and empowerment of authorities to help to protect marine life.

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  • The study, based on a survey in the Andaman Islands involving enforcement authorities, traders, middlemen, and fishermen, found that there was so much lack of awareness that many did not even know which department or authority was responsible for implementing Wildlife Protection Act.
    • The stakeholders were confused between the fisheries department, Navy, Coast Guard or forest department. Middlemen fared better than the authorities in this regard and most were aware it was the onus of the forest department to uphold the Wildlife Protection Act for marine species, according to the survey findings
  • The survey found that the authorities were well versed with the protection status of ‘charismatic’ species such as dugongs, dolphins and giant clams. However, awareness was low with regards to species like sea cucumber, seahorses, gorgonians and sea fans, Elasmobranchii, and giant groupers, though many of them are in high demand in illegal trade markets.
  • It was found that no consultation meetings were conducted with fishermen and others before listing marine species under the Wildlife Protection Act though it is a statutory requirement.

conclusion

  • Besides spreading awareness and providing incentives for community-based policing for conservation, there should be active engagement with all stakeholders.

Also read: Desertification In India,

India must strengthen the credibility of its national statistical system

Source: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/wildlife-biodiversity/engage-local-communities-to-protect-marine-life-study-65273

jatin
By jatin June 26, 2019 15:31