Every Third Child In The World Is Poor: UN

jatin
By jatin July 13, 2019 12:55

News

One in every third child (under the age of 10) is multidimensionally poor in the world, according to the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), released by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) recently.

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  • MPI measures progress against the SDG-1.
    • Usually, poverty is measured by the level of income.
    • MPI uses multiple indicators to judge the overall development of the population. That is why the index is called multidimensional.
    • The MPI took note of inequality and social deprivation at household levels.
  • It measures progress in 100 countries, covering a population of 5.7 billion, based on 10 indicators that include health, education, and standard of living.

Important Findings

  • Of more than half of 1.3 billion people identified as poor, some 663 million are children under 18 and around one-third (some 428 million) are under 10.
    • The survey included 2 billion children, out of which 1.1 billion are below 10 years.
  • About 34 percent of the world’s children covered under the MPI survey is multidimensionally poor.
    • For the adult, this comes to 17.5 percent.
    • Children are more prone to multidimensional poverty than adults, according to MPI.
    • One adult in six is multidimensionally poor — compared with one child in three
  • Multidimensionally poor children are concentrated more in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
    • These two regions account for 85 percent of the multidimensionally poor population of the world.
    • Some 63.5 percent of children in Sub-Saharan Africa are multidimensionally poor — the highest incidence among all developing regions
    • In African countries such as Burkina Faso, Chad, Ethiopia, Niger, and South Sudan 90 percent or more children under the 10 are considered to be multidimensionally poor.
  • It found in South Asia 22.7 percent of children under 5 experience intra-household inequalities and are deprived of nutrition.
    • It means in a household, at least one child is malnourished while another/others are not.
    • In Pakistan over a third of children under 5 experience such intra-household inequality

“To fight poverty, one needs to know where poor people live. They are not evenly spread across a country, not even within a household”

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jatin
By jatin July 13, 2019 12:55