PIB SUMMARY 20th MAY

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By admin May 20, 2019 11:09

PIB SUMMARY 20th MAY

‘Not all the animals migrate by the choice’ campaign launched to raise awareness on the illegal wildlife trade

Context:

  • Ahead of the International Day of Biological Diversity celebrated on May 22, UN Environment India and Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) of India launched an awareness campaign Not all animals migrate by choice to be displayed at major airports across the country.

Details:

  • Illegal wildlife trade is driving species to the brink of extinction. A thriving industry with organized wildlife crime chains spreading across the world, in India, illegal trade in wildlife has seen a sharp rise.
  • The campaign aims at creating awareness and garnering public support for the protection and conservation of wildlife, prevention of smuggling and reduction in demand for wildlife products.
  • The campaign also complements worldwide action on illegal trade in wildlife through UN Environment’s global campaign, Wild for Life.
  • In the first phase of the campaign, Tiger, Pangolin, Star Tortoise and Tokay Gecko have been chosen as they are highly endangered due to illegal trading in International markets.
  • Tiger is traded for its skin, bones and body parts.
  • Pangolin, the most illegally traded wild mammal on the planet is trafficked for its meat and its scales are used in traditional medicines.
  • Star Tortoise for meat and pet trade and Tokay Gecko in traditional medicine mostly into South East Asia and particularly Chinese Markets.
  • Phase two will see more threatened species and explore other routes of trafficking.

Background Check:

UN Environment:

  • Well, the UN Environment is the leading global voice on the environment.
  • It provides leadership and encourages partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
  • However, the UN Environment works with the governments, the private sector, the civil society and also with the other UN entities and international organizations across the world.

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB):

  • Wildlife Crime Control Bureau is a statutory multi-disciplinary body established by the Government of India under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, to combat organized wildlife crime in the country.
  • Under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, it is mandated:
  • To collect and collate intelligence related to organized wildlife crime activities and to disseminate the same to State and other enforcement agencies for immediate action so as to apprehend the criminals;
  • To establish a centralized wildlife crime data bank;
  • Coordinate actions by various agencies in connection with the enforcement of the provisions of the Act;
  • Assist the foreign authorities and the international organization concerned to facilitate coordination and universal action for the wildlife crime control;
  • In fact, the capacity buildings of the wildlife crime enforcement agencies for the scientific and also the professional investigation into the wildlife crimes and it assist the State Governments to ensure the success in the prosecutions related to the wildlife crimes;
  • Also, advise the Government of India on the issues relating to the wildlife crimes who having the national and the international ramifications, relevant policy and the laws.
  • In fact, it also assists and also advises the Customs authorities in inspection of the consignments of flora & fauna as per the provisions of the Wild Life Protection Act, CITES and EXIM Policy governing such an item.

World gets the redefined units of measurement of kilogram, Kelvin, mole and ampere

Context:

  • After decades of ground-breaking laboratory works, the world’s scientific and technical community has unanimously adopted the resolution to redefine four of the seven base units, the kilogram (SI unit of weight), Kelvin (SI unit of temperature), mole (SI unit of amount of substance), and ampere (SI unit of current).

Details:

  • This decision has now enabled scientists and researchers to base the SI units entirely on fundamental properties of nature, which will ensure their ongoing refinement and improvement for years to come.
  • However, the fundamental constants are an invariants of the time and the space and also the successfully replaced the artifact based units, and aptly opened up the new era for quantum world by linking all seven base units to fundamental constants/quantum standards.
  • The new SI is being implemented worldwide from 20th May 2019 i.e. the World Metrology Day.
  • The World Metrology Day (WMD) is celebrated annually on this very day as the Metre Convention was signed by representatives of seventeen nations on May 20, 1875.
  • In fact, the Convention set the frameworks for the global collaboration in the science of the measurement and also in its industrial, commercial and also the societal applications.
  • Quantum computing, artificial intelligence (AI), Industry 4.0, space enabled communications, are some of the international challenges of the near future and it is necessary for India, the fastest growing economy to make the triumphs to meet the above challenges with the support of quantum metrology-based quality infrastructure.
  • The whole metrology world, especially the National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) are celebrating this year’s WMD as mark for the new beginning of metrology, based on constant of nature on a large scale.
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By admin May 20, 2019 11:09