The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs By Jatin Verma July 2nd, 2019

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By admin July 2, 2019 15:20

Question 1: Consider the following statements about no detention policy-

  1. Recently, the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019 abolished it.
  2.  Now no student can be detained up to class V.
  3. The final decision will be left on the state to decide whether to continue the no-detention policy.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1& 3 only 
  4. 2 only 

 

Answer1: c

  • 1 & 3 statement are correct and 2nd  is incorrect

Why in news?

  • Recently, the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019 has received the assent of the President of India. 
  •  Under the current provisions of the Act, no student can be detained up to class VIII.
  • As per the amendment, it would be left to the states to decide whether to continue the no-detention policy.
  • The bill provides for regular examination in classes V and VIII, and if a child fails, the amendment bill grants a provision to give her or him additional opportunity to take a re-examination within two months. 
  • Such children will be provided with two-month remedial teaching to perform better in the re-examinations. If the students still do not pass the exam, the state government may decide to detain them.

 

Question 2. Consider the following statements

  1. The overall growth of eight core industry has steadily grown from last year. 
  2. The growth of Crude Oil, Refinery products and Fertilizers sectors have declined in comparison to last year. 
  3. Steel sector has registered a drastic growth from last year.  

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 2 only
  4. All of the above

 

Answer: d

  • All the options are correct

Why in news

  • Recently, Ministry of commerce highlights the performance of the ‘Eight Core Industries’ for the month of May, 2019
  • The Index of Eight Core Industries (ICI) registered a growth of 5.1 per cent in May, 2019 over May.
  • Four out of the eight core industries registered a positive growth rate in May 2019 over May 2018.
  • Steel sector has registered double digit growth of 19.9 percent. Electricity sector has registered growth of 7.2 percent which is the highest in last six months.
  • Cement and Coal sectors have registered moderate growth of 2.8 percent and 1.8 percent respectively. The production of Natural Gas has remained unchanged.
  • The production of Crude Oil, Refinery products and Fertilizers sectors have declined by (-) 6.9 per cent, (-) 1.5 per cent and (-) 1.0 per cent respectively in the month of May 2019 over May2018.

 

Question 3. Which of the following statements about National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) is /are correct?

  1. It is a card conceived by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  2. It is an inter-operable transport card, which would allow the holders to pay for their bus travel, toll taxes, parking charges, retail shopping and even withdraw money.
  3. The stored value on card supports offline transaction across all travel.

Choose the right option

  1.  Only 2
  2. 1, 2 only
  3. 1,3 only
  4. All of the above

 

Answer: d

  • All the options are correct
  • Recently, the National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) has been launched in India with the tagline of ‘One Nation One Card.’
  •  ‘One Nation One Card’, the inter-operable transport card would allow the holders to pay for their bus travel, toll taxes, parking charges, retail shopping and even withdraw money.
  • It is an indigenously-developed card which runs on RuPay card.
  • The stored value on card supports offline transaction across all travel needs with minimal financial risk to involved stakeholders.
  • Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs brought to the fore the National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) to enable seamless travel by different metros and other transport systems across the country besides retail shopping and purchases.

 

Question 4. Consider the following statements about Scheme for Trans-disciplinary Research for India’s Developing Economy (STRIDE) 

  1. It is an initiative of Ministry of Science and Technology.
  2. It will identify young talent, strengthen research culture, build capacity, promote innovation and support trans-disciplinary research.
  3. It will fund multi institutional network high-impact research projects in humanities and human sciences.

Select the correct answer using the codes below. 

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3 

 

Answer: b

  • 2nd  & 3rd are correct

Why in news

  • Recently UGC announced new Initiative – Scheme for Trans-disciplinary Research for India’s Developing Economy (STRIDE) to boost research culture in India by MoHRD.
  • STRIDE scheme will help students and faculty to undertake collaborative research to explore these knowledge resources for India’s developing economy. 
  • The ten grand challenges facing the humanities stream in India,described in report to MHRD are part of thrust areas identified for funding under STRIDE.  

 

STRIDE Objectives:

  • To identify young talent, strengthen research culture, build capacity, promote innovation and support trans-disciplinary research for India’s developing economy and national development.
  • To fund multi institutional network high-impact research projects in humanities and human sciences.

 

STRIDE components:

  • Component-1 will endeavour to identify the motivated young talents with research and innovation aptitude in universities and colleges.
  • Component-2 will be mainly to enhance problem solving skills with help of social innovation and action research to improve wellbeing of people and contribute for India’s developing economy.
  • Component-3 will fund high impact research projects in the identified thrust areas inhumanities and human sciences through national network of eminent scientists from leading institutions.

 

Question 5. Consider the following statements about National Manufacturing Competitiveness Programme (NMCP)

  1. It supports MSMEs in improving their competitiveness.
  2. It implements Credit Linked Capital Subsidy-Technological Up-gradation Scheme (CLCS-TUS) to support their technology up-gradation endeavours.
  3. It is an initiative of Ministry of Information and technology.

Which of the following statement is correct?

  1.  1 and 2
  2. All of the above 
  3. 2 and 3 
  4. 1 and 2

 

Answer: a

  • 1 and 2 options are correct

Why in news

  • Recently, Ministry of MSME launched National Manufacturing Competitiveness Programme (NMCP). 
  • Government implements NMCP to support MSMEs in improving their competitiveness.
  • Schemes to promote Lean Manufacturing, Design improvement, Zero Defect Zero Effect Certification, Support for Incubators, Awareness of Intellectual Property Rights and Digital Empowerment to MSMEs have been put in place to achieve the related objectives.
  • Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) implements Credit Linked Capital Subsidy-Technological Up-gradation Scheme (CLCS-TUS) to support MSMEs in their technology up-gradation endeavors.

 

Question 6. Consider the following statements.

  1. A member of legislative assembly who desires to resign from his seat in the house submits resignation to the governor.
  2. If a sitting MLA resigns, his party retains that seat.
  3. Elected member of a party can be disqualified if he voluntarily gives up his membership.

Which of the above statements is/are correct

  1. 1 and 3
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3
  4. All of the above

 

Answer: b

  • 3 only

Why in news?

  • The Congress-JD(S) coalition govt in Karnataka faces trouble due to two of its MLA resigning, creating a speculation of more resignations.
  • A member of legislative assembly who desires to resign his seat in the house submits resignation to the speaker of the house.
  • As per rules a by-election will be held within 6 months of that seat being declared vacant. If the candidate of the same party wins the seat then that party is said to have retained that seat. And if he loses the election then his party will lose that seat.
  • Under anti-defection act, elected member of a party can be disqualified on two grounds
    • If he voluntarily gives up his membership
    • He votes or abstains from voting in the House, contrary to his party’s direction and without obtaining prior permission.

 

Question 7. Consider the following statements about recent Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Ordinance, 2019

  1. It provides for the reservation of posts in appointments by direct recruitment of persons belonging to ‘economically weaker section’ in certain central educational institutes. 
  2. There are penal provisions in case of violations of ordinance by institutions.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both are True

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: d

  • Neither 1 nor 2

Why in news

  •  Violation of Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Ordinance, 2019 was seen recently in top posts at universities.
  •  It provides for the reservation of posts in appointments by direct recruitment of persons belonging to Schedule castes, Schedule tribes and socially and educationally backward classes in certain central educational institutes established, maintained or aided by central govt.
  • In case of violation, maximum a court does is to order a correction to the institution’s advertisement without awarding any compensation to the petitioner or punishment to violators.

 

Question 8. Consider the following statements.

  1. NRC for Assam was first prepared in 1971. 
  2. Based on NRC, Mizoram is also initiating its own version of citizen register starting from July.

Choose the correct option given below-

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 &2 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: d

  • Option d is correct
  • Nagaland is following on the footsteps of its western neighbour, Assamin the task of setting up a Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN) aimed at preparing a master list of all indigenous peoples and checking the issuance of fake indigenous inhabitant certificates.
  • After Independence, due to persistent influx of illegal migrants, the Government of India formulated the Immigrants (Expulsion from Assam) Act, 1950. To identify illegal immigrants, the National Register of Citizens was prepared for the first time in Assam during the conduct of 1951 Census.

 

Question 9. With reference to the FAME scheme consider the following statements-

  1. The scheme is being implemented by ministry of Human Resource Development. 
  2. FAME recognizes research scholars who have achieved significant and sustained national and/or international recognition for their work.
  3. Phase II of FAME envisages active involvement of Govt agencies, industries and public sector enterprises.

Select the correct answer using the codes below. 

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 3 only 

 

Answer d.

  • Only 3 is correct 

Why in news

  • A budget provision of Rs. 1000 crore for a period of 3 years [2019-20 to 2021-22] has been earmarked for setting up of charging infrastructure under phase-II of FAME India scheme.
  • In order to promote manufacturing of electric and hybrid vehicle technology and to ensure sustainable growth of the same, Department of Heavy Industry, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises is implementing FAME-India Scheme [Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India], phase I from 1st April 2015.

 

Question 10. Consider the following statements.

  1. With reference to steel production in India, most of the mines are under private sector.
  2. Gross production, export and consumption of finished steel for the last two years have exceeded domestic consumption.
  3. Steel sector is regulated by the state govt.

Which of the following statement is correct?

  1.  only 3
  2. All of the above 
  3. 1 and 2
  4. 1 and 3 

 

Answer c.

  • 1 and 2 option are correct

Why in news

  • The State-wise number and details of the Steel plants established by the Government and other enterprises in the country at present are were furnished by Minister of Steel to the Lok Sabha.
  • With reference to steel production capacity of the country, as per Indian Mineral yearbook, 2017 published by Indian Bureau of Mines,there were 296 reporting mines in 2016-17. Among them, 34 mines were in the Public Sector and 262 in the Private Sector.
  • Steel being a deregulated sector, specific decision of setting up of the steel plant and its location is taken by individual steel companies/investors on the basis of commercial consideration and market dynamics.
  • Data on gross production, export and consumption of finished steel is given below for the last two years and current year which indicates that gross production has exceeded domestic consumption of the same in each of these periods.

 

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By admin July 2, 2019 15:20