The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs By Jatin Verma July 3rd, 2019

admin
By admin July 3, 2019 15:18

Question 1: With reference to the EQUIP project, consider the following statements-

  1. It helps to promote the indigenous artisan craft and industry.
  2. The project is made to bring transformation in the higher education system in the upcoming 5 years.
  3. It aims to double the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education.
  4. It supports the infrastructure projects of central and state governments.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 & 3
  3. 4 only 
  4. 2 only 

Answer1: b

 

  • 1 & 4 statement is incorrect and 2nd  & 3rd is correct

Why in news?

  •  Recently, Five-year vision plan ‘Education Quality Up gradation and Inclusion Programme (EQUIP)‘ was finalised and released by HRD Ministry.
  •  EQUIP is meant to bridge the gap between policy and implementation. The project is made to bring transformation in the higher education system in the upcoming 5 years.
  • It aims to double the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education and resolve the geographically and socially skewed access to higher education institutions in India.

Features-

  • Upgrade the quality of education to global standards.
  • Position at least 50 Indian institutions among the top-1000 global universities.
  • Introduce governance reforms in higher education for well-administered campuses.
  • Accreditation of all institutions as an assurance of quality.
  • Promote Research & Innovation ecosystems for positioning India in the Top-3 countries in the world in matters of knowledge creation.
  • Double the employability of the students passing out of higher education.

 

Question 2: Consider the following statements about the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW).

  1. It governs the commercial, scientific, and aboriginal subsistence whaling practices. 
  2. It created the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary surrounding the continent of Arctic. 
  3. India is one of the founding members of it.  

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 & 3 only

(c) 1 & 2 only

(d) All of the above

Answer: A

  • Only 1 is correct and 2nd & 3rd are incorrect

Why in news

  • Recently, Japan resumed commercial whaling.
  • International Whaling commission (IWC) is an international body set up under International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) with the objective to provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks.
  • ICRW governs the commercial, scientific, and aboriginal subsistence whaling practices of 59 member nations. It was signed in Washington, D.C., United States, in 1946.
  •  Its headquarters is in imping ton, near Cambridge, England. In 1986, it adopted a moratorium on commercial whaling. This ban still continues.
  •  In 1994, it created the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary surrounding the continent of Antarctica. Here, the IWC has banned all types of commercial whaling.
  • Only two such sanctuaries have been designated by IWC till date. Another is Indian Ocean Whale Sanctuary by the tiny island nation of the Seychelles.

 

Question 3. “Arctic Circle” is a/an

  1. Intergovernmental body of rim states of Arctic Ocean. 
  2. A non-profit organization to facilitate dialogue between various stakeholders.
  3. A body of scientists researching on the impact of climate change in arctic.
  4. None of the above

 

Answer b

  • Only option b is correct
  • The Arctic Circle is the largest network of international dialogue and cooperation on the future of the Arctic. 
  • It is an open democratic platform with participation from governments, organizations, corporations, universities and others interested in the development of the Arctic and its consequences for the future of the globe.
  •  It is a non-profit and nonpartisan organization.
  •  The Arctic Circle held its first open assembly in 2013.

 

Question 4: In WTO terminology, subsidies in general are identified by “boxes” which are given the colours of traffic lights. Consider the following statements 

  1. Most domestic support measures distort production and fall into the amber box. 
  2. Green box subsidies are allowed even if they distort trade.
  3. At present there are no limits on spending on blue box subsidies. 

Select the correct answer using the codes below. 

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3 

 

Answer c.

  • 1st  & 3rd are correct

Why in news

  • The US is targeting India’s WTO- consistent Policies.
  • Option1: All domestic support measures considered to distort production and trade (with some exceptions) fall into the amber box. These include measures to support prices, or subsidies directly related to production quantities
  • Option 2: In order to qualify, green box subsidies must not distort trade, or at most cause minimal distortion. They have to be government funded (not by charging consumers higher prices) and must not involve price support. 
  •  Option 3: Blue Box is the “amber box with conditions” designed to reduce distortion. Any support that would normally be in the amber box, is placed in the blue box if the support also requires farmers to limit production. At present there are no limits on spending on blue box subsidies.

 

Question 5. Consider the following statements about Strategic Partnership Model in Defence in India.

  1. It aims to progressively build indigenous capabilities in the private sector to design, develop and manufacture complex weapon systems for the Armed Forces.
  2. It was first proposed by the Dhirendra Singh Committee.
  3. Under the model, only domestic private firms are involved.

Which of the following statement is correct?

  1. only 1
  2. all of the above 
  3. 1 and 3 
  4. 1 and 2

Answer D

  • 1 and 2 option are correct

Why in news

  • Recently, the Navy issued an ‘Expression of Interest’ for shortlisting potential strategic partners for the construction of six P75 (I) submarines costing nearly ₹45,000 crore. 
  • This is the second project being undertaken under the latest Strategic Partnership (SP) Model, with the first being the procurement of 111 naval utility helicopters (NUH).
  • Strategic Partnership Model aims to revitalise defence industrial ecosystem and progressively build indigenous capabilities in the private sector to design, develop and manufacture complex weapon systems for the future needs of the Armed Forces. 
  • It has been adopted by the government under its ‘Make in India’ programme to increase the participation of domestic private firms as well as foreign firms in defence manufacturing in the country.
  •  The Strategic partnership Model was first proposed by the Dhirendra Singh Committee in July, 2015.

 

Question 6. With reference to the National Company Law Tribunal, consider the following statements-

  1. It was constituted by the Supreme Court based on the recommendation of the Justice Eradi committee.
  2. The Tribunal is the adjudicating authority for insolvency resolution process of companies and limited liability partnerships under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.
  3. Decisions of the tribunal may be appealed to Supreme Court of India.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only 
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3
  4. All of the above

Answer C

  • 1 & 3 statements are incorrect
  • National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a quasi-judicial body in India that adjudicates issues relating to Indian companies. The tribunal was established under the Companies Act 2013 and was constituted on 1 June 2016.
  • It is based on the recommendation of the Justice Eradi committee on law relating to insolvency and winding up of companies.
  • It is the adjudicating authority for insolvency resolution process of companies and limited liability partnerships under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.
  • Decisions of the tribunal may be appealed to the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal, the decisions of which may further be appealed to the Supreme Court of India on a point of law.

 

Question 7. Consider the following statements about the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI). 

  1. It was established before India’s independence. 
  2. It is a not-for-profit organisation.
  3. Gandhi boycotted the organization due to its capitalist foundations. 
  4. It is presently headquartered in Mumbai. 

Select the correct answer using the codes below. 

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only 
  3. 2, 3 and 4 only 
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

Answer B

  • Both 1 and 2 options are correct

Why in news

  • Recently, FICCI wrote a letter to RBI and said that NBFC – infrastructure finance  companies (IFC) should be allowed to issue tax-free bonds. 
  • Option 1 and 3: Established in 1927, on the advice of M. Gandhi by GD Birla and Purushottam Das Thakurdas, FICCI is the largest, oldest and the apex business organisation in India. 
  • Option 2: It is a non-government, not-for-profit organisation. FICCI draws its membership from the corporate sector, both private and public, including SMEs and MNCs. 
  • Option 4: its HQ is in New Delhi and has presence in 12 states in India and 8 countries across the world.

 

Question 8. ‘Yellow sea’ touches borders with:

  1. Japan
  2. China
  3. South Korea
  4. North Korea

Select the correct answer code:

  1.  1,2,4
  2. 2,3,4
  3. 1,3,4
  4. All of the above

Answer B

  • Option 1 is incorrect 
  • The Yellow Sea touches boundary with China, S. Korea and North Korea.

 

Question 9. Consider the following statements about Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).

  1. It establishes common standards for international trade of conventional weapons to reduce illegal arms trade.
  2. The treaty was negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations (UN).

Choose the correct option-

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 & 2 
  4. None

Answer C

  • Both options  are correct
  • UN Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) has the ambitious aim of responding to international trade in conventional weapons leaves a trail of atrocities in its wake.
  • The treaty calls for the international sale of weapons to be linked to the human rights records of buyers.
  • The treaty also seeks to prevent conventional military weapons from falling into the hands of terrorists or organized criminal groups, and to stop deals that would violate UN arms embargos.
  • It requires countries to establish regulations for selling conventional weapons.
  • It seeks for arms deals to be evaluated in order to determine whether they might enable buyers to carry out genocide, crimes against humanity, or war crimes.

 

Question 10. Consider the following pairs:

 Tribes                                 Location

  1.  Koynak:                     Nagaland
  2.  Apatani:                     Manipur
  3.  Chakma :                    Assam
  4.  Jarawa :                     Nicobar

Choose the correct option:

  1.  1 & 2
  2. 1, 3,4
  3.  1 & 3
  4.  All of the above

Answer C

  • Options 1 and 3 are correct

Why in new

  •   Recently, Nagaland initiated its own version of NRC from July, 1 to register indigenous inhabitant.
  • Andaman and Nicobar:  Oraons, Onges, Sentinelese, Shompens.
  • Little Andaman: Jarawa
  • Assam: Chakma, Chutiya, Dimasa, Hajong, Garos, Khasis, Gangte.
  • Arunachal Pradesh: Apatanis, Abor, Dafla, Galong, Momba, Sherdukpen, Singpho
  • Nagaland:  Konyak, Angami, Garo, Kachari, Kuki, Mikir, Nagas, Sema.

 

admin
By admin July 3, 2019 15:18