The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs By Jatin Verma July 4th, 2019

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By admin July 4, 2019 15:21

Question 1: With reference to “Go Tribal Campaign”, which of the following statements is correct?

  1. The campaign has been launched to widely promote the use of tribal products.
  2. It is a campaign launched to preserve their culture and rich heritage.
  3. It aims for the protection of vulnerable tribes due to climate change.
  4. It has been launched for the development and access to basic necessities.

 

Answer. A

  • 1st statement is correct

Why in news?

  • Recently, Ministry of Tribal Affairs Launched ‘Go Tribal Campaign’.
  • The campaign has been launched to widely promote the use of tribal products like tribal handicrafts and natural products.
  • It aims to economically strengthen the tribals of our country as they are capable of producing many creative products including handicrafts.
  • It is the joint collaboration between TRIFED and Amazon, the tribal products will be available in about 190 countries and will help in establishing export market of tribal products worldwide.

 

Question 2: Consider the following statements about ‘Yuvika 2019’.

  1. It is an initiative of Ministry of Science and Technology.
  2. It is aimed at imparting basic knowledge on Space Technology, Space Science and Space Applications.
  3. Under the programme, three students each will be selected to participate in it every year from each state and union territory.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 & 2 only
  3. 2 &  3 only  
  4. All of the above

Answer c.

  • Only option 2 & 3 are correct

Why in news?

  • ISRO (Department of Space) has launched a special programme for school children called Yuva Vigyani Karyakram or Young Scientist Programme.
  • The programme aims at imparting basic knowledge on space technology, space science and space applications to the younger ones with the intent of arousing their interest in the emerging areas of space activities.
  • Under the programme, three students each will be selected to participate in it every year from each state and union territory.
  • The eligibility for being chosen for the programme includes those students who have finished 8th standard and are currently studying in the 9th standard.
  • The selection will be based on the academic performance and extracurricular activities of the students.
  • The students belonging to rural areas have been given special weightage under the selection criteria set by ISRO.

 

Question 3: Consider the following statements about Japanese Encephalitis

  1. Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus.
  2. It is transmitted from person-to-person.
  3. It is transmitted by rice field breeding mosquitoes. 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 & 3 only
  2. 1 & 2 only
  3. 2 & 3 only 
  4. All of the above

 

Answer a.

  • 1 & 3 statement are correct and 2nd is incorrect
  • Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus. It belongs to the same genus as dengue, yellow fever and West Nile viruses. The first case of JE was documented in 1871 in Japan.
  • JE primarily affects children. Most adults in endemic countries have natural immunity after childhood infection, but individuals of any age may be affected. It is not transmitted from person-to-person.
  • It is transmitted by rice field breeding mosquitoes (primarily Culex tritaeniorhynchus group). The mosquitoes transmit JE by feeding on domestic pigs and wild birds infected with the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV).
  • Major JE outbreaks occur every 2-15 years. JE transmission mainly intensifies during the rainy season, during which vector population’s increase.
  • Most JE infections are mild (fever and headache) or without apparent symptoms, but it may result in severe clinical illness.
  • Severe infection is marked by quick onset, headache, high fever, neck stiffness, disorientation, stupor, occasional convulsions (especially in infants) etc. There is no specific therapy. Intensive supportive therapy is indicated.

 

Question 4: Consider the following statements about PM Economic Advisory Council.

  1. It is a statutory body.
  2. It aims to analyse all critical issues, economic and referred to it by the prime minister and advising him.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 & 2
  4. None

Answer b.

  • Only 2nd statement is correct and 1st is incorrect

Why in news?

  •  PMEAC is a non-constitutional and non-statutory, non-permanent and independent body.
  • It is constituted with the prime and sole aim to analyse all critical issues, economic or otherwise, referred to it by the prime minister and advising him thereon.
  • It is mandated to give advice to prime minister on economic matters such as inflation, GDP changes, export-import changes, creating supporting environment for increased trade and commerce.

Functions

  • Submit periodic reports to PM related to macroeconomic developments and issues which will have implications of the economic policy.
  • Analyse any topics, issues assigned by the PM and provide advice to them.
  • Analyse macroeconomic issues having high importance and present the views to PM and any other task which is assigned by Prime Minister.

 

Question 5. Consider the following pairs:

  Dam/Project   Location

1) Tiware Dam             a) Ratnagiri

2) Tunga Dam b) Shimoga

3) Kaleshwaram multi-purpose Project c) Bhupalpally

4) Malapuzha Dam d) Palakad

Select the answer from the given code

(a) 1-a, 2-c, 3-b, 4-d

(b) 1-c, 2-d, 3-a, 4-b

(c) 1-c, 2-a, 3-d, 4-b

(d) 1-a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-d

 

Answer d.

  • All are correct

Why in news?

  • Twenty-three persons are feared dead as the Tiware dam in Ratnagiri in Maharashtra’s Konkan region breached recently following incessant rains.
  • Gates of Tunga dam (also called Gajanuru dam), located in Shimoga, was opened to release 5,000 cusecs of excess water to the river recently.
  • Malampuzha dam is located in Palakkad district of Kerala.
  • Telangana chief minister K. Chandrashekhar Rao recently inaugurated Kaleshwaram irrigation project at its starting point in Medigadda (Jayshankar Bhupalapally) district of the state.

 

Question 6. Which of the following are Cold Currents?

  1. Benguela Current
  2. Canary current
  3. Oyashio Current
  4. Norwegian Current

Choose the correct answer given below-

  1. 1 & 2 
  2. 1, 3, 4
  3. 1, 2 & 3
  4. All of the above

 

Answer c.

1, 2 & 3 option are correct

 

Question 7. With reference to pension scheme for trading community, consider the following statements.

  1. It covers shopkeepers, retail traders, and self-employed persons.
  2. Person belonging to age group of 18-60 are eligible for the scheme.
  3. A person already being a member of New Pension Scheme can not subscribe to the scheme.
  4. Central Government will contribute 50% of subscriber’s contribution.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 2 & 4
  2. 1 & 3
  3. 1, 3 & 4
  4. 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer b.

  • 1st and 3rd statements are correct

Why in news?

  •  Recently, as per Indian Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) analysis, 2019, retail industry contributes 10 per cent to the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and around 8 per cent to employment
  • The Government has approved a pension scheme for shopkeeper’s/ retail traders and self-employed persons for providing monthly minimum assured pension of ₹3000/- for the entry age group of 18-40 years. It is a voluntary and contribution based central sector scheme. The salient features of the scheme are:
  1. All shopkeepers/retail-traders/ self-employed persons in the age group of 18-40 years are eligible to be the member, on self-declaration.
  2. A shop keeper/ retail-trader /self-employed person if registered with GSTN, his/ her firm’s annual turnover should not exceed ₹1.5 crore.
  3. He/she should not be an income tax payee.
  4. He/she should not be a member of EPFO/ESIC/NPS/PM-SYM.
  5. The Central Government’s share will be matching to the subscriber’s contribution

 

Question 8. Recently, an expert committee for restructuring and strenthening of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has recommended setting up of an Aerospace University. The committee was headed by

  1. Y. S. Malik
  2. B. K. Chaturvedi
  3. D. B. Shekatkar
  4. T. S. R. Subramaniam

Answer b.

  • B. K. Chatruvedi

Why in news?

  • The Expert Group under the Chairmanship of Shri B.K. Chaturvedi, the then Member, Planning Commission constituted by the Government for restructuring and strengthening of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) had recommended setting up of a Aerospace University.  The recommendation has been accepted by the Government. 
  • A Detailed Project Report (DPR) on establishment of Aerospace University was prepared by a HAL established Society named ‘Society for HAL Aeronautics Research & Technologies Institute’ and approved by HAL Board.
  • T.S.R. Subramanian was constituted to review various Acts administered by Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change.
  • Lt Gen Shekatkar  is about reforms pertaining to the Indian Army
  • Y. S. Malik committee talks about switching to Electric Vehicle from Internal Combustion Engine

 

Question 9. Recently launched ‘Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)’ will allow users to

  1. File FIR online
  2. Verify online passport
  3. Registration of vehicle
  4. Advanced search capabilities and analytical report
  5. Track the progress of the case during trials 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1, 4 & 5
  2. 1, 2, 3, & 4 
  3. 1, 2, 3 & 5
  4. 1,2,3,4 & 5

 

Answer d.

  • All are correct

Why in news?

  • Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has implemented Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) for all stakeholders (Citizen, Police department, MoHA, external departments )
  • File FIR online: The portal will enable citizens to register FIRs online and will also allow address verification for purposes such as employee, tenants, nurses etc, permission for hosting public events, lost & found articles and vehicle theft etc. These services will be available in 34 States & UTs.
  • Online passport verification: Besides, the portal will enable restricted access to law enforcement agencies on topics such as Antecedent Verification and make assessment of FIRs- this will do away the need of physical police verification for getting a passport.
  • Vehicle registrations: The database under CCTNS portal will be linked with the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MORTH) database for vehicle registrations.
  • Police reports: For police, the portal allows advanced search capabilities and analytical reports and accurate means of tracking the progress of the case during trials.

 

Question 10. Consider the following statements-

  1. The present refining capacity is adequate to meet the demand of petroleum products in India.
  2. Any private or public sector unit can setup a refinery without licence.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 & 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer c.

  • Both the statements are correct

Why in news?

  •  Presently the refining capacity of the country is 249.366 Million Metric Tonne Per Annum (MMTPA). 
  • The domestic consumption of petroleum products was 211.6 MMT during 2018-19. 
  • The present refining capacity is adequate to meet the demand of petroleum products in the country.
  • Refinery Sector has been delicensed in 1998.  
  • Post de-licensing, any public sector or private sector entity can set up the refinery depending upon techno commercial viability of the project.

 

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By admin July 4, 2019 15:21