The Hindu Current Affairs MCQs by Jatin Verma July 7th, 2019

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By admin July 7, 2019 09:09

Question 1.  With reference to Kelps, consider the following statements

  1. They are large brown algae seaweeds that can survive freezing temperatures and long periods of darkness, and even grow under sea ice.
  2. These forests helps to protect coastlines by decreasing the power of waves during storms and reducing coastal erosion.
  3. They are important source of potash and iodine.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1, 2
  2. 2,3
  3. 1,3
  4. All of the above

Answer: D

  • All the options are correct
  • Kelps are large brown algae seaweeds that make up the order Laminariales. There are about 30 different genera.
  • Kelps have adapted to the severe conditions. These cool water species have special strategies to survive freezing temperatures and long periods of darkness, and even grow under sea ice.
  • In regions with cold, nutrient-rich water, they can attain some of the highest rates of primary production of any natural ecosystem on Earth.
  • Kelp forests also help protect coastlines by decreasing the power of waves during storms and reducing coastal erosion.
  • Kelp forests throughout the world play an important role in coastal economies, supporting a broad range of tourism, recreational and commercial activities.
  • Kelp is a coveted food source in many countries, full of potassium, iron, calcium, fibre and iodine.

 

Question 2.   Consider the following statements regarding National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA).

  1. It is headed by Finance Minister.
  2. It has been constituted under the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017.
  3. It aims to ensure that the reduction in rate of tax or the benefit of input tax credit is passed on to the recipient by way of commensurate reduction in prices.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1, 2
  2. 2,3
  3. 1,2,3
  4. 1 Only

Answer B

  • Option 2 & 3are correct
  • The National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA) has been constituted under Section 171 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017. The Authority’s main function is to ensure that traders are not realizing unfair profit by charging high price from consumers in the name of GST.
  • The Authority’s core function is to ensure that the benefits of the reduction is GST rates on goods and services made by GST Council and proportional change in the Input tax credit passed on to the ultimate consumers and recipient respectively by way of reduction in the prices by the suppliers.
  • It is headed by a senior officer of the level of a Secretary to the Government of India and shall have four technical members from the Centre and/or the States.
  • In the event the NAA confirms the necessity of applying anti-profiteering measures, it has the power to order the business concerned to reduce its prices or return the undue benefit availed along with interest to the recipient of the goods or services.
  • If the undue benefit cannot be passed on to the recipient, it can be ordered to be deposited in the Consumer Welfare Fund.
  • In extreme cases the National Anti-profiteering Authority can impose a penalty on the defaulting business entity and even order the cancellation of its registration under GST.

 

Question 3. With reference to E-2020 initiative, consider the following statements.

  1. It is the initiative supported by WHO.
  2. The Global technical strategy for malaria 2016-2030, calls for the elimination of malaria in at least 10 countries by the year 2020.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1&2
  4. None

Answer C

  • Both are correct
  • Four countries from Asia (China, Iran, Malaysia and Timor-Leste) and one from Central America (El Salvador ) reported no indigenous cases of malaria in 2018, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • The countries were part of the global health body’s E-2020 initiative, launched in 2016, working in 21 countries, spanning five regions, to scale up efforts to achieve malaria elimination by 2020.
  • Creating a malaria-free world is a bold and important public health and sustainable development goal. It is also the vision of the Global technical strategy for malaria 2016-2030, which calls for the elimination of malaria in at least 10 countries by the year 2020

 

Question 4. Which of the following countries touches the Mediterranean Sea?

  1. Jordan
  2. Lebanon
  3. Syria
  4. Bulgaria

 Choose the correct option

  1. 1, 2, 3
  2. 2, 3
  3. 1, 3
  4. All of the above

Answer B.

Only 2 and 3 options are correct

 

Question 5. Consider the following statements about Common Service Center (CSC).

  1. It is an initiative of the Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY).
  2. CSCs are the access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages in India.
  3. CSC 2.0 is a service delivery oriented entrepreneurship model with a large bouquet of services for the citizens through optimum utilization of infrastructure.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1,&2 
  3. All of the above
  4. 2 &3

Answer C.

  • All the statements are correct
  • Common Services Centre (CSC) programme is an initiative of the Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY). 
  • CSCs are the access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages in India, thereby contributing to a digitally and financially inclusive society.
  • CSC e-Governance Services India Limited is a Special Purpose Vehicle (CSC SPV) incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 by MeitY, to monitor the implementation of the CSC Scheme. 
  • It provides a centralized collaborative framework for delivery of services to citizens through CSCs, besides ensuring systemic viability and sustainability of the scheme.
  • Under the Digital India programme, at least one CSC (preferably more than one) is envisaged in 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats for delivery of various electronic services to citizens across rural India. 
  • This would include strengthening and integrating the existing 100,000 CSCs under the CSC scheme and making operational an additional 1.5 lakh CSCs in Gram Panchayats.
  • CSC 2.0 is a service delivery oriented entrepreneurship model with a large bouquet of services made available for the citizens through optimum utilization of infrastructure already created in the form of SWAN, SSDG, e-District, SDC, and NOFN/BharatNet.

 

Question 6. With reference to the ‘nudge theory’ recently seen in the media, which of the following statement is correct?

  1. The theory was propounded by Richard H Thaler.
  2. Nudge theory explains about “ how people often do not opt for better choices, sometimes despite being aware of the better option”
  3. The author received Noble Prize for Economics in 2015.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 & 2
  2. 2 & 3
  3. 1, 2 & 3
  4. 1 & 3

Answer A.

  • Only statements 1st and 2nd are correct

Why in news

  • The Economic survey has a significant chapter dedicated to possible use of the “Nudge” theory, which won economist Richard Thaler the Nobel, to encourage better economic and social behaviour based on a study of how people often do not opt for better choices, sometimes despite being aware of the better option.
  • The survey suggests a “Nudge unit” in Niti Aayog to study its policy implications. 

 

Question 7. Which of the following is not a UNESCO World heritage site?

  1. Pink City, Jaipur
  2. Capitol Complex, Chandigarh 
  3. Pattadakal Complex, Karnataka
  4. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat

Historic City of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

  1. 5 only
  2. 1 & 5
  3. 1 only 
  4. 2, 3 & 4

Answer B.

  • only Historic City of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh is not a UNESCO heritage site

Why in news

  •  The Walled City of Jaipur, known for its iconic architectural legacy and vibrant culture, recently made its entry into the UNESCO World Heritage Site list.
  • Other UNESCO Heritage sites

Agra Fort (1983), Ajanta Caves (1983), Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar (2016), Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989), Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004), Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004), Churches and Convents of Goa (1986), Elephanta Caves (1987).

Ellora Caves (1983), Fatehpur Sikri (1986), Great Living Chola Temples (1987,2004), Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986), Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984), Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987), Hill Forts of Rajasthan (2013), Historic City of Ahmadabad (2017), Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (1993), Jaipur City, Rajasthan (2019), Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986), Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2002), Mountain Railways of India (1999,2005,2008), Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993), Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat (2014), Red Fort Complex (2007), Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003), Sun Temple, Konârak (1984), Taj Mahal (1983), The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement (2016), The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010), Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai (2018)

 

Question 8. With reference to the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) awards consider the following statements

  1. It is awarded to students for innovation in all the fields of engineering, science, technology and design through extremely affordable solution.
  2. It is awarded by Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer A.

  • Only 1st statement is correct.
  • Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Awards celebrates the spirit of student innovation in all the fields of engineering, science, technology and design through extremely affordable/frugal solution or the ones pushing the technological edge.
  • SRISTI (Society for Research and Initiatives for Sustainable Technologies and Institutions) is an initiative to foster youth-driven tech innovations. It has established two other national awards for innovative student projects in engineering, biotechnology, agriculture, pharmacy, material science and other applied technological domains. These awards are given every year during the Festival of Innovation And Entrepreneurship (FINE), Rashtrapati Bhavan.

 

Question 9. With reference to Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) recently seen in news, consider the following statements.

  1. It is a set of farming methods that involve zero credit for agriculture and no use of chemical fertilisers.
  2. It aims at pulling the farmers out of the debt trap that they found themselves in with the liberalisation of Indian economy.
  3. ZBNF promises to cut down farming expenditure drastically and end dependence on loans.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 & 3
  3. 2 & 3
  4. 1, 2 & 3

Answer D.

  • All the statements are correct

Why in news?

  • With an objective of improving farm income by govt, Union Finance Minister announced a proposal of zero budget farming.
  • This is technically known as Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF), as the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations calls it. Zero budget farming is a set of farming methods that involves zero credit for agriculture and no use of chemical fertilisers.
  • The zero budget farming aims at pulling the farmers out of the debt trap that they found themselves in with the liberalisation of Indian economy. This is also an attempt to make small scale farming a viable vocation
  • Zero budget farming model promises to cut down farming expenditure drastically and ends dependence on loans. 

 

Question 10. Consider the pairs:

Satellite Launched by

  1. TESS a) NASA
  2. RAVANA-1 b) NASA
  3. NepaliSat-1           c) ISRO
  4. BepiColombo d) ESA and JAXA

Which of the following pairs are correctly matched

  1. 1, 3 & 4
  2. 1, 2 & 4
  3. 4 only
  4. 1, 2 & 3

Answer B.

  • 1st, 2nd and 4th are correct

Why in news?

  • The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) is a space telescope for NASA‘s Explorers program, designed to search for exoplanets using the transit method in an area 400 times larger than that covered by the Kepler mission. 
  • Raavana 1 also known as Bird LKA is a Sri Lankan low orbit cube research satellite and first satellite of Sri Lanka launched by NASA.
  • NepaliSat-1, also known as Bird NPL, is a Nepalese low orbit research satellite and the first satellite of Nepal. Along with a Sri Lankan satellite Raavana 1, it was launched as part  Cygnus NG-11 of NASA.
  • BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to the planet Mercury. 
  • The mission comprises two satellites launched together: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, MMO.

 

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By admin July 7, 2019 09:09