US President Trump-Kim Met North Korean Leader

jyoti
By jyoti July 8, 2019 15:35

US President visited the North Korean leader in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between the two Koreas and agreed to resume stalled nuclear talks. They also met South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in for a brief chat

Significance

  • Donald Trump is the first and the only sitting U.S. President to set foot in North Korea.
  • They met for the third time in just over a year on the old Cold War frontier that for decades has symbolized the hostility between their countries, which are technically still at war.
  • They agreed to start working-level talks on Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons.
  • Tensions had soared between North Korea and the US  in 2017 as the North carried out multiple missile launches and its biggest nuclear test to date, while Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim traded mutual insults and threats of war.
  • The Hanoi summit foundered on disagreements over what the North would be willing to give up in exchange for relief from sanctions that have hobbled its economy.

Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between the Koreas

  • It is a strip of land running across the Korean Peninsula.
  • It is established by the provisions of the Korean Armistice Agreement to serve as a buffer zone between North Korea and South Korea.
  • The demilitarized zone (DMZ) is a border barrier that divides the Korean Peninsula roughly in half.
  • It was created by agreement between North Korea, China, and the United Nations Command in 1953.
  • It does not follow the 38th parallel, the original demarcation line between North Korea and South Korea at the end of World War II.

The US and North Korea

  • The Korean peninsula was divided after World War Two and the North developed an authoritarian form of government.
  • Isolated globally, it saw nuclear weapons as its only deterrent against a world it believed was seeking to destroy it.
  • North Korea claims to have developed nuclear bombs and nuclear missiles which can even reach the US.
  • Though the US had asked North Korea to denuclearise for initiation of talks, he accepted North Korea’s offer for talks.
  • In June 2018, Mr. Trump became the first sitting president to meet a North Korean leader.
  • The two signed an agreement committing to the “complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula” but with no detail on what that meant.
  • Since then though, there has been little progress. The US wants North Korea to unilaterally give up its nuclear weapons while Pyongyang wants a step-by-step approach to ease the crippling sanctions regime.
  • Though the two leaders met in Hanoi, talks broke down over North Korea demanding sanctions relief.

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jyoti
By jyoti July 8, 2019 15:35